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Conférence mensuelle (PhD seminar series) – Laurent Bourdieu

6 septembre 2019 / 11:30

Lieu : Centre Broca Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Laurent Bourdieu
Institut de Biologie de l’école normale supérieure – Paris

Invité par Bordeaux Neurocampus et la NBA


2-photon microscopy allows recordings structural and functional information deep in scattering biological tissues with cellular resolution. However, standard light steering techniques are slow, providing frame rates of a few tens of Hz, and are limited to a plane of interest. We recently developed a new type of 2-photon microscope able to sample neuronal activity from 3D cortical networks in head-fixed animals at kilohertz rate. The microscope operates in a non-imaging mode, where individual laser pulses are spatially modulated with tilt and defocus to random-address individual cell bodies within a 400x400x400 µm3 volume. Single pulse modulation is achieved by a large aperture, two-axis acousto-optic deflectors (AODs) synchronized to a 40 kHz regenerative laser amplifier. Individual pulses are further modulated in phase and amplitude to pattern the beam into a square array of up to 25 focal spots targeting the bodies of individual cells, interleaved with a pattern of 10 spots targeting the neuropil. This spatial patterning helped (1) to raise the single pulse photon yield; (2) to dampen the occurrence of artefacts induced by locomotion and (3) to suppress contamination of somatic signal by surrounding neuropil activity. We validated the microscope by recording single unit activity from neurons in primary visual cortex of layer 2/3 and 5A while the animal was free to move on a treadmill. In agreement with published data we find a significantly higher level of spontaneous activity of layer 5 cells, including a higher incidence of large amplitude burst discharge, while layer 2/3 cells were more sensitive to the orientation of a moving contrast grating presented as a visual stimulus. Finally, the layered organization of the evoked activity could be revealed directly by the analysis of neuron pairwise correlations.

Sélection de publications

Fast confocal fluorescence imaging in freely behaving mice
Clara Dussaux, Vivien Szabo, Yan Chastagnier, Jozsua Fodor, Jean-François Léger, Laurent Bourdieu, Julie Perroy, Cathie Ventalon, 2018 , Scientific Reports 8, Article number: 16262

Focusing ligth through dynamical samples using fast continuous wavefront optimization
B. Blochet, L. Bourdieu, S. Gigan, Optics Letters, 2017, 42:4994-4997.

A radial map of multi-whisker correlation selectivity in the rat barrel cortex
L. Estebanez, J. Bertherat, D. E. Shulz, L. Bourdieu, J.-F. Léger
Nat Commun. 2016;7:13528. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13528.

Fast spatial beam shaping by acousto-optic diffraction for 3D non-linear microscopy.
W. Akemann, J.-F. Léger, C. Ventalon, B. Mathieu, S. Dieudonné, L. Bourdieu
Opt. Exp. 2015(22); 23:28191-28205

Characterization of the angular memory effect of scattered light in biological tissues.
S. Schott, J. Bertolotti, J.F. Léger, L. Bourdieu, S. Gigan,
Opt. Exp. 2015(10); 23:13505-13516

Spatially Selective Holographic Photoactivation and Functional Fluorescence Imaging in Freely Behaving Mice with a Fiberscope.
V. Szabo*, C. Ventalon*, V. De Sars, J. Bradley, V. Emiliani,
Neuron. 2014; 84(6):1157–1169

Late emergence of the vibrissa direction selectivity map in the rat barrel cortex.
Kremer Y, Léger JF, Goodman D, Brette R, Bourdieu L.
J Neurosci. 2011; 31(29):10689-700.

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Date :
6 septembre 2019
Heure :
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