Clinical and molecular features of spinocerebellar ataxia type 6.
Neurology. 1997-11-01; 49(5): 1243-1246
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The mutation involved in spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is a small CAG expansion in the alpha-1A subunit of the voltage-dependent calcium channel gene. We looked for this mutation in 91 families with autosomal-dominant cerebellar ataxias and found that SCA6 is a minor locus in our series (2%) and is rare in France (1%). Furthermore, we did not detect the SCA6 mutation on 146 sporadic cases with isolated cerebellar ataxia or olivopontocerebellar atrophy. The normal and expanded alleles ranged from 4 to 15 and 22 to 28 CAG repeats, respectively, and age at onset was correlated to CAG repeat length (r = -0.87). In contrast with other SCA, the expanded allele was stable during transmission. Clinically, SCA6 patients (n = 12) presented with moderate to severe cerebellar ataxia with a lower frequency of associated signs compared with other SCA and a mean age at onset of 45± 14 years (range, 24 to 67). MRI showed extensive cerebellar atrophy but not of the brainstem or cerebral cortex.