Regulation of Intracellular pH in Rat Lactotrophs: Involvement of Anionic Exchangers*

L. Garcia, E. Boué-Grabot, M. Garret, P. Sartor
Endocrinology. 1997-10-01; 138(10): 4191-4198
DOI: 10.1210/endo.138.10.5460

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Garcia L(1), Boué-Grabot E, Garret M, Sartor P.

Author information:
(1)Departement de Fisiologia, Facultad de Salud, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Columbia.

Regulation of the intracellular pH (pHi) of normal rat lactotrophs was studied. As this cell type, cultured with 10% FCS, can achieve a relatively alkaline pHi (7.3-7.5), we investigated the presence of a mechanism based on Cl-/HCO3- exchange. Using the pHi-sensitive probe SNARF-1 (seminaphtorodafluor) in its permeant form, SNARF-1/AM, we studied pHi recovery after acidic loading in individual cells with a microspectrofluorometric approach. We showed the involvement of anionic exchange in lactotroph cell pHi regulation. Acute CO2-bicarbonate cell acidic loading combined with external Cl- depletion induces the activation of a Cl-/HCO3- exchange. This exchange is 4,4′-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid sensitive and corresponds to the type 3 anionic exchanger (AE3). However, after nigericin acidification, Na+/H+ exchange can also participate in recovery. In addition, incubation experiments strongly suggest that a 4,4′-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid-insensitive anionic exchanger (type 2 anionic exchanger or AE2) is present in rat lactotrophs. The presence and involvement of carbonic anhydrase in pHi regulation have been demonstrated. Finally, using Northern blot and reverse transcription-PCR techniques, messenger RNAs for both AE2 and AE3 were identified in anterior pituitary cell extracts. We concluded that in normal rat lactotrophs, pHi regulation is achieved by a complex system in which Cl-/HCO3- exchange has a
pivotal role.


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