Link : https://u-bordeaux-fr.zoom.us/j/81318860418
TITRE : An artificial neural network approach integrating plasma proteomics and genetic data identifies PLXNA4 as a new susceptibility locus for pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism is a severe and potentially fatal condition characterized by the presence of a blood clot (or thrombus) in the pulmonary artery. Pulmonary embolism is often the consequence of the migration of a thrombus from a deep vein to the lung. Together with deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism forms the so-called venous thromboembolism, the third most common cardiovascular disease, and its prevalence strongly increases with age. While pulmonary embolism is observed in ~40% of patients with deep vein thrombosis, there is currently limited biomarkers that can help to predict which patients with deep vein thrombosis are at risk of pulmonary embolism. To fill this need, we implemented two hidden-layers artificial neural networks (ANN) on 376 antibodies and 19 biological traits measured in the plasma of 1388 DVT patients, with or without PE, of the MARTHA study. We used the LIME algorithm to obtain a linear approximation of the resulting ANN prediction model. As MARTHA patients were typed for genotyping DNA arrays, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted on the LIME estimate. Detected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with PE risk in MARTHA. Main findings were replicated in the EOVT study composed of 143 PE patients and 196 DVT only patients. The derived ANN model for PE achieved an accuracy of 0.89 and 0.79 in our training and testing sets, respectively. A GWAS on the LIME approximate identified a strong statistical association peak (p = 5.3×10-7) at the PLXNA4 locus, with lead SNP rs1424597 at which the minor A allele was further shown to associate with an increased risk of PE (OR = 1.49 [1.12 – 1.98], p = 6.1×10-3). Further association analysis in EOVT revealed that, in the combined MARTHA and EOVT samples, the rs1424597-A allele was associated with increased PE risk (OR = 1.74 [1.27 – 2.38, p = 5.42×10-4) in patients over 37 years of age but not in younger patients (OR = 0.96 [0.65 – 1.41], p = 0.848).