Obesity in French Inmates: Gender Differences and Relationship with Mood, Eating Behavior and Physical Activity.
PLoS ONE. 2017-01-19; 12(1): e0170413
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1. PLoS One. 2017 Jan 19;12(1):e0170413. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170413.
Obesity in French Inmates: Gender Differences and Relationship with Mood, Eating
Behavior and Physical Activity.
Lagarrigue A(1), Ajana S(2)(3), Capuron L(4)(5), Féart C(2)(3), Moisan MP(4)(5).
(1)CHU Rangeuil, Service de médecine légale et médecine en milieu pénitentiaire,
(2)INSERM, ISPED, Centre INSERM U1219-Bordeaux Population Health, Bordeaux,
(3)Univ. Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U1219- Bordeaux Population Health,
(4)INRA, Nutrition et neurobiologie intégrée, UMR 1286, Bordeaux, France.
(5)Univ. Bordeaux, Nutrition et neurobiologie intégrée, UMR 1286, Bordeaux,
CONTEXT: Inmates, notably women, are at greater risk for obesity and metabolic
complications than the general population according to several studies from high
income countries. Data regarding French correctional institutions are lacking so
far. To fill this gap, we have assessed in a sample from a French prison (33
females and 18 males) the gender-specific effect of incarceration on weight and
body mass index (BMI) and examined their current metabolic status. Furthermore,
to reveal the possible determinants of increased obesity, we analyzed emotional
vulnerability, eating behavior and physical activity using self-reported
RESULTS: In this sample, obesity (BMI≥30 kg/m2) was already frequent in women
(18.2%) but rather scarce for men (11%) at prison entry. Incarceration worsened
the rate of obesity in both genders (21.2% and 16.7% respectively). At the time
of study, abdominal obesity estimated through waist circumference was
particularly prevalent in women (69.7%) versus men (27.8%) and metabolic syndrome
was detected in 33% of female against none in male inmates. Abdominal obesity was
associated with female sex (p