Monoamine content during the reproductive cycle of Perna perna depends on site of origin on the Atlantic Coast of Morocco.

Mounia S. Klouche, Philippe De Deurwaerdère, Françoise Dellu-Hagedorn, Nouria Lakhdar-Ghazal, Soumaya Benomar
Sci Rep. 2015-09-09; 5(1):
DOI: 10.1038/srep13715

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Klouche MS(1), De Deurwaerdère P(2)(3), Dellu-Hagedorn F(2)(4), Lakhdar-Ghazal N(1), Benomar S(1).

Author information:
(1)Unit of Research on Biological Rhythms, Neuroscience and Environment; Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
(2)Univ. de Bordeaux, Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
(3)CNRS, Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives UMR 5293, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
(4)CNRS, Institut des Neurosciences Cognitives et Intégratives d’Aquitaine UMR 5287.

Bivalve molluscs such as Perna perna display temporal cycles of reproduction that result from the complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous signals. The monoamines serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline represent possible endocrine and neuronal links between these signals allowing the molluscs to modulate reproductive functions in conjunction with environmental constraints. Here, we report a disruption of the reproductive cycle of mussels collected from two of three sites along the Moroccan atlantic coast soiled by industrial or domestic waste. Using high pressure liquid chromatography, we show that the temporal pattern of monoamine content in the gonads, pedal and cerebroid ganglia varied throughout the reproductive cycle (resting, developing, maturing, egg-laying) of mussels from the unpolluted site. Marked modification of monoamine tissue content was found between sites, notably in noradrenaline content of the gonads. Discriminant statistics revealed a specific impact of mussel location on the temporal variations of noradrenaline and serotonin levels in gonads and cerebroid ganglia. Correlation analyses showed profound and temporal changes in the monoamine content between organs and ganglia, at the two sites where the reproduction was disrupted. We suggest that environmental constraints lead to profound changes of monoaminergic systems, which thereby compromises the entry of mussels into their reproductive cycle.


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