Hybrid FPGA–CPU-Based Architecture for Object Recognition in Visual Servoing of Arm Prosthesis

Attila Fejér, Zoltán Nagy, Jenny Benois-Pineau, Péter Szolgay, Aymar de Rugy, Jean-Philippe Domenger
J. Imaging. 2022-02-12; 8(2): 44
DOI: 10.3390/jimaging8020044

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The present paper proposes an implementation of a hybrid hardware–software system for the visual servoing of prosthetic arms. We focus on the most critical vision analysis part of the system. The prosthetic system comprises a glass-worn eye tracker and a video camera, and the task is to recognize the object to grasp. The lightweight architecture for gaze-driven object recognition has to be implemented as a wearable device with low power consumption (less than 5.6 W). The algorithmic chain comprises gaze fixations estimation and filtering, generation of candidates, and recognition, with two backbone convolutional neural networks (CNN). The time-consuming parts of the system, such as SIFT (Scale Invariant Feature Transform) detector and the backbone CNN feature extractor, are implemented in FPGA, and a new reduction layer is introduced in the object-recognition CNN to reduce the computational burden. The proposed implementation is compatible with the real-time control of the prosthetic arm.

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