High dilated perivascular space burden: a new MRI-marker for risk of intracerebral hemorrhage

Marie-Gabrielle Duperron, Christophe Tzourio, Sabrina Schilling, Yi-Cheng Zhu, Aïcha Soumaré, Bernard Mazoyer, Stéphanie Debette
Neurobiology of Aging. 2019-09-01; :
DOI: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2019.08.031

Commonly observed in older community persons, dilated perivascular spaces (dPVS) are thought to represent an emerging MRI-marker of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD), but their clinical significance is uncertain. We examined the longitudinal relationship of dPVS burden with risk of incident stroke, ischemic stroke, and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in the 3C-Dijon population-based study (N=1,678 participants, mean age 72.7±4.1 years) using Cox regression. dPVS burden was studied as a global score and according to dPVS location (basal ganglia, white matter, hippocampus, brainstem) at baseline. During a mean follow-up of 9.1±2.6 years, 66 participants suffered an incident stroke. Increasing global dPVS burden was associated with a higher risk of any incident stroke (hazard ratio (HR), 1.24, 95%CI (1.06-1.45)) and of incident ICH (HR, 3.12(1.78-5.47)), adjusting for sex and intracranial volume. Association with ICH remained significant after additionally adjusting for vascular risk factors and for other cSVD MRI-markers. High dPVS burden in basal ganglia and hippocampus, but not in white matter or brainstem, were associated with higher risk of any stroke and ICH.

Keywords : Cerebrovascular disease, Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Epidemiology

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