Detecting GPCR Complexes in Postmortem Human Brain with Proximity Ligation Assay and A Bayesian Classifier
. 2019-07-02; :
AbstractDespite the general controversy regarding the existence and physiological relevance of Class A GPCR dimerization, there is substantial evidence for functional interactions between dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) and adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR). A2AR-D2R complexes have been detected in rodent brains by proximity ligation assay (PLA), but their existence in the human brain is yet to be demonstrated. In this study, we used brightfield PLA, combined with a systematic sampling and a parameter-free naïve Bayesian classifier, and demonstrated proximity between D2R and A2AR in the adult human ventral striatum, consistent with their colocalization within complexes and the possible existence of D2R-A2AR heteromers. These methods are applicable to the quantitative analysis of proximity of two proteins and the expression of individual proteins.Method SummaryBrightfield proximity ligation assay (PLA) was used to assess the expression of G protein-coupled receptors and their proximity in postmortem adult human brains. A novel automated machine learning method (Bayesian Optimized PLA Signal Sorting) was developed to automatically quantify brightfield PLA data.