Cortical Asymmetries during Hand Laterality Task Vary with Hand Laterality: A fMRI Study in 295 Participants.

Emmanuel Mellet, Bernard Mazoyer, Gaelle Leroux, Marc Joliot, Nathalie Tzourio-Mazoyer
Front. Hum. Neurosci.. 2016-12-06; 10:
DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00628

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1. Front Hum Neurosci. 2016 Dec 6;10:628. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00628. eCollection 2016.

Mellet E(1), Mazoyer B(1), Leroux G(1), Joliot M(1), Tzourio-Mazoyer N(1).

Author information:
(1)Groupe d’Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives UMR 5293, Université BordeauxBordeaux, France; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Groupe d’Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives UMR 5293Bordeaux, France; Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique et
aux Energies Alternatives, Groupe d’Imagerie Neurofonctionnelle, Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives UMR 5293 Bordeaux, France.

The aim of this study was to characterize, using fMRI, the functional asymmetries of hand laterality task (HLT) in a sample of 295 participants balanced for handedness. During HLT, participants have to decide whether the displayed picture of a hand represent a right or a left hand. Pictures of hands’ back view were presented for 150 ms in the right or left hemifield. At the whole hemisphere level, we evidenced that the laterality of the hand and of the hemifield in which the picture was displayed combined their effects on the hemispheric asymmetry in
an additive way. We then identified a set of 17 functional homotopic regions of interest (hROIs) including premotor, motor, somatosensory and parietal regions, whose activity and asymmetry varied with the laterality of the presented hands. When the laterality of a right hand had to be evaluated, these areas showed stronger leftward asymmetry, the hROI located in the primary motor area showing a significant larger effect than all other hROIs. In addition a subset of six parietal regions involved in visuo-motor integration together with two postcentral areas showed a variation in asymmetry with hemifield of presentation.
Finally, while handedness had no effect at the hemispheric level, two regions located in the parietal operculum and intraparietal sulcus exhibited larger leftward asymmetry with right handedness independently of the hand of presentation. The present results extend those of previous works in showing a shift of asymmetries during HLT according to the hand presented in sensorimotor areas including primary motor cortex. This shift was not affected by manual preference. They also demonstrate that the coordination of visual information and
handedness identification of hands relied on the coexistence of contralateral motor and visual representations in the superior parietal lobe and the postcentral gyrus.

DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00628
PMCID: PMC5138568
PMID: 27999536

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