CB1 Receptors in the Anterior Piriform Cortex Control Odor Preference Memory

Geoffrey Terral, Arnau Busquets-Garcia, Marjorie Varilh, Svein Achicallende, Astrid Cannich, Luigi Bellocchio, Itziar Bonilla-Del Río, Federico Massa, Nagore Puente, Edgar Soria-Gomez, Pedro Grandes, Guillaume Ferreira, Giovanni Marsicano
Current Biology. 2019-08-01; 29(15): 2455-2464.e5
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.06.041

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Terral G(1), Busquets-Garcia A(1), Varilh M(1), Achicallende S(2), Cannich A(1),Bellocchio L(1), Bonilla-Del Río I(2), Massa F(1), Puente N(2), Soria-Gomez E(3),Grandes P(2), Ferreira G(4), Marsicano G(5).

Author information:
(1)INSERM, U1215 NeuroCentre Magendie, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33077 Bordeaux Cedex, France; University of Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France.
(2)Department of Neurosciences, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Barrio Sarriena sn, 48940 Leioa, Spain; Achucarro Basque Center for Neuroscience, Science Park of the UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain.
(3)INSERM, U1215 NeuroCentre Magendie, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33077 Bordeaux Cedex, France; University of Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France; Department of Neurosciences, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Barrio
Sarriena sn, 48940 Leioa, Spain; Achucarro Basque Center for Neuroscience, Science Park of the UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Maria Diaz de Haro 3, 48013 Bilbao, Spain.
(4)University of Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France; INRA, Bordeaux INP, Nutrition and Integrative Neurobiology, UMR 1286, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France. Electronic address:
(5)INSERM, U1215 NeuroCentre Magendie, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33077 Bordeaux Cedex,France; University of Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33000 Bordeaux, France.Electronic address: .

The retrieval of odor-related memories shapes animal behavior. The anterior piriform cortex (aPC) is the largest part of the olfactory cortex, and it plays important roles in olfactory processing and memory. However, it is still unclear whether specific cellular mechanisms in the aPC control olfactory memory, depending on the appetitive or aversive nature of the stimuli involved.
Cannabinoid-type 1 (CB1) receptors are present in the aPC (aPC-CB1), but their potential impact on olfactory memory was never explored. Here, we used a combination of behavioral, genetic, anatomical, and electrophysiological approaches to characterize the functions of aPC-CB1 receptors in the regulation of appetitive and aversive olfactory memory. Pharmacological blockade or genetic deletion of aPC-CB1 receptors specifically impaired the retrieval of conditioned odor preference (COP). Interestingly, expression of conditioned odor aversion (COA) was unaffected by local CB1 receptor blockade, indicating that the role of aPC endocannabinoid signaling is selective for retrieval of appetitive memory. Anatomical investigations revealed that CB1 receptors are highly expressed on aPC GABAergic interneurons, and ex vivo electrophysiological recordings showed that their pharmacological activation reduces miniature inhibitory post-synaptic currents (mIPSCs) onto aPC semilunar (SL), but not pyramidal principal neurons. COP retrieval, but not COA, was associated with a specific CB1-receptor-dependent decrease of mIPSCs in SL cells. Altogether, these data indicate that aPC-CB1 receptor-dependent mechanisms physiologically control the retrieval of olfactory memory, depending on odor valence and engaging modulation of local inhibitory transmission.

 


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