An Ultra-Short Measure of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Is Related to Circadian Biological Rhythms: The French Psychometric Validation of the Barcelona Sleepiness Index

Julien Coelho, Régis Lopez, Jacques Taillard, Emmanuel D’Incau, Guillaume Fond, Pierre Philip, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi
JCM. 2022-07-04; 11(13): 3892
DOI: 10.3390/jcm11133892

The Barcelona Sleepiness Index (BSI) is an ultra-short instrument with several advantages for assessing excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). The present study was performed to analyze the validity of the French version of the BSI in screening for EDS. We conducted a cross-sectional study on a population of students using an online questionnaire. The French version of the BSI was developed by a rigorous forward-backward translation process. We computed the discrimination properties of the BSI to predict EDS assessed by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), as well as correlations with other sleep measures. In total, 662 students were enrolled in the study (mean age: 20.9 years, 76.0% women). The BSI score (mean = 1.5 ± 1.0) showed a strong correlation with the ESS score (r = 0.47, p < 10−4) and acceptable discrimination of EDS assessed by ESS score ≥ 11 (AUC = 0.742) with an optimal cutoff point of 2, as in the original study. The BSI score was significantly associated with sleep deprivation and social jetlag. Therefore, the French version of the BSI is a valid ultra-short instrument for EDS screening in individuals. In addition, the BSI score may be associated with both homeostatic and circadian processes. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings in general populations and in patients with sleep disorders.

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