A novel and specific regulator of neuronal V-ATPase in Drosophila
. 2021-02-10; :
AbstractThe V-ATPase is a highly conserved enzymatic complex that ensures appropriate levels of organelle acidification in virtually all eukaryotic cells. While the general mechanisms of this proton pump have been well studied, little is known about the specific regulations of neuronal V-ATPase. Here, we studied CG31030, a previously uncharacterized Drosophila protein predicted from its sequence homology to be part of the V-ATPase family. We found that this protein is essential and apparently specifically expressed in neurons, where it is addressed to synaptic terminals. We observed that CG31030 co-immunoprecipitated with V-ATPase subunits, in particular with ATP6AP2, and that synaptic vesicles of larval motoneurons were not properly acidified in CG31030 knockdown context. This defect was associated with a decrease in quantal size at the neuromuscular junction, severe locomotor impairments and shortened lifespan. Overall, our data provide evidence that CG31030 is a specific regulator of neuronal V-ATPase that is required for synaptic vesicle acidification and neurotransmitter release.