A new open, high-resolution, multishell, diffusion-weighted imaging dataset of the living squirrel monkey

Thomas Orset, Julie Royo, Mathieu David Santin, Pierre Pouget, Michel Thiebaut de Schotten
Sci Data. 2023-04-20; 10(1):
DOI: 10.1038/s41597-023-02126-x

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Although very well adapted to brain study, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) remains limited by the facilities and capabilities required to acquire data, especially for non-human primates. Addressing the data gaps resulting from these limitations requires making data more accessible and open. In contempt of the regular use of Saimiri sciureus in neuroscience research, in vivo diffusion has yet to be openly available for this species. Here we built and made openly available a unique new resource consisting of a high-resolution, multishell diffusion-weighted dataset in the anesthetized Saimiri sciureus. The data were acquired on 11 individuals with an 11.7 T MRI scanner (isotropic resolution of 400 µm3). This paper presents an overview of our dataset and illustrates some of its possible use through example analyses. To assess the quality of our data, we analyzed long-range connections (whole-brain tractography), microstructure (Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging), and axon diameter in the corpus callosum (ActiveAx). Constituting an essential new resource for primate evolution studies, all data are openly available.

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