TIMELINE OF BRAIN ALTERATIONS IN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE ACROSS THE ENTIRE LIFESPAN
. 2017-12-04; :
AbstractBrain imaging studies have shown that progressive cerebral atrophy characterized the development of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD). The key question is how long before the diagnosis of AD the neurodegenerative process started leading to these structural alterations. To answer this question, we proposed an innovative way by inferring brain structure volume trajectories across the entire lifespan using massive number of MRI (N=4714). Our study provides evidences of early divergence of the AD model from the control model for the hippocampus before 40 years, followed by the lateral ventricles and the amygdala around 40 years for the AD model. Moreover, our lifespan investigation reveals the dynamic of the evolution of these biomarkers and suggest close abnormality trajectories for the hippocampus and the amygdala. Finally, our results highlight that the temporal lobe atrophy, a key biomarker in AD, is a very early pathophysiological event potentially associated to early life exposures to risk factors.