The link between structural connectivity and neurocognition illustrated by focal epilepsy

Elise Roger, Laurent Petit, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Anne-Sophie Job, Lorella Minotti, Philippe Kahane, Monica Baciu
Epileptic Disorders. 2018-04-01; 20(2): 88-98
DOI: 10.1684/epd.2018.0958

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Roger E(1), Petit L(2), Perrone-Bertolotti M(1), Job AS(3), Minotti L(3), Kahane P(3), Baciu M(1).

Author information:
(1)LPNC UMR 5105, CNRS, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble.
(2)GIN-IMN, UMR 5293, CEA/CNRS, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux.
(3)GIN, U836 UGA/INSERM « Synchronisation et modulation des réseaux neuronaux dans l’épilepsie », Grenoble University Hospital, Grenoble, France.

Increasing attention is being paid to the assessment of white matter properties and its structural connectivity, both in healthy subjects and patients with cerebral lesions. Within this framework, new neurocognitive models based on hodological properties have been developed under a connectomic perspective in order to explain substrates and cognitive mechanisms related to cerebral functions such as language and memory. With regards to focal and drug-resistant epilepsy conceived as a network disorder, new insights in terms of structural connectivity have led to significant advances in epilepsy research, concerning fundamental research (neurocognitive mechanisms of plasticity) and clinical
application (optimization of decision making for curative surgery). We believe that such findings in the literature, focused on the role of white matter in cerebral functioning in relation to neurocognition, may be helpful for both researchers and clinicians working in the field of epilepsy.


Auteurs Bordeaux Neurocampus