Motivations for using electronic cigarettes in young adults: A systematic review

Shérazade Kinouani, Chloé Leflot, Paul Vanderkam, Marc Auriacombe, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
Substance Abuse. 2019-10-22; : 1-8
DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2019.1671937

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Kinouani S(1)(2)(3), Leflot C(1)(3), Vanderkam P(4), Auriacombe M(1)(5)(6), Langlois E(1)(7), Tzourio C(1)(2).

Author information:
(1)University Bordeaux , Bordeaux , France.
(2)Inserm, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Team HEALTHY, University Bordeaux , Bordeaux , France.
(3)Department of General Practice, University of Bordeaux , Bordeaux , France.
(4)Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine , Poitiers, France.
(5)SANPSY , Bordeaux , France.
(6)Pôle Addictologie , Bordeaux , France.
(7)Centre Émile Durkheim, University Bordeaux , Bordeaux , France.

Background: The most common reasons why adults use e-cigarettes are to stop or reduce tobacco smoking. However, it is unclear if this reason is evenly distributed between young and older adults. Objectives: describe the motivations for e-cigarette use amongst young adults aged 18-25 and compare the reasons for using e-cigarettes of people who currently or formerly used tobacco products to those who had never smoked tobacco prior e-cigarette use. Methods: PubMed®, Scopus®, Cochrane Library®, SocINDEX®, PsycARTICLES®, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection® and PsycINFO® databases were used. English written articles
were screened up to March 2018. Depending on study design, quality was assessed using The STROBE or RATS checklists. Results: Six articles were included in the review, all with a moderate quality of evidence. Independently of smoking status, curiosity was the most frequently reported reason for initiating the use of e-cigarettes in young adults. Reasons for continuing to use e-cigarettes were
various. The continued use of e-cigarettes could be either a means to replicate smoking habits, or a way for a different and personalized use of nicotine by inhalation. Conclusions: Reasons for using e-cigarettes in young adults are varied and are not limited to stopping smoking.


Auteurs Bordeaux Neurocampus