Food Disgust Scale: Spanish Version.

Leonor García-Gómez, César Romero-Rebollar, Christina Hartmann, Michael Siegrist, Guillaume Ferreira, Ruth Gutierrez-Aguilar, Salvador Villalpando, Gustavo Pacheco-Lopez
Front. Psychol.. 2020-02-07; 11:
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00165

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Food Disgust Scale: Spanish Version.

García-Gómez L(1)(2), Romero-Rebollar C(1), Hartmann C(3), Siegrist M(3), Ferreira G(4), Gutierrez-Aguilar R(5)(6), Villalpando S(7), Pacheco-Lopez G(1)(3).

Author information:
(1)Health Sciences Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM), Campus Lerma, Lerma, Mexico.
(2)Department of Research in Smoking and COPD, National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER) Ismael Cosio Villegas, Mexico City, Mexico.
(3)Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
(4)NutriNeuro, UMR INRA 1286, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
(5)Research Division, School of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico.
(6)Laboratory of Metabolic Diseases: Obesity and Diabetes, Children’s Hospital of Mexico (HIM) Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico.
(7)Department of Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Children’s Hospital of Mexico (HIM) Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico.

Introduction: The Food Disgust Scale (FDS) was recently developed and validated in Swiss adult population. This study aims to: (1) validate the FDS for the first time in a Spanish-speaking Mexican population, (2) correlate food disgust sensitivity with picky eating measures, and (3) explore the association between food disgust sensitivity and body mass index (BMI). Materials and Methods: A Spanish version of the FDS (FDS-Sp) and its short version (FDS-Sp short) were tested with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in order to test the original item/factor structure. Bivariate correlations were performed to determine the association between FDS-Sp/FDS-Sp short scores and picky eating. Lastly, hierarchical linear regression analysis was carried out to determine the relationship between food disgust sensitivity and BMI. Results: The factor structure of the FDS was replicated and acceptable internal consistency values were observed for FDS-Sp subscales (α varied between 0.781 and 0.955). Moreover, FDS-Sp subscales and FDS-Sp short were correlated with picky eating. Higher score in VEGI subscale of the FDS-Sp was a significant predictor for higher BMI, explaining 4% of the variance. Conclusion: FDS-Sp is a useful, reliable and robust psychometric instrument to measure the sensitivity to unpleasant food situations in a Mexican adult Spanish-speaking population. A relationship between food disgust sensitivity and picky eating, selective eating behaviors and neophobia in Mexicans was confirmed. BMI is multifactorial and only one subscale of FDS-Sp is a significant predictor for BMI status. These results are helpful to continue exploring food disgust in diverse populations.

Copyright © 2020 García-Gómez, Romero-Rebollar, Hartmann, Siegrist, Ferreira, Gutierrez-Aguilar, Villalpando and Pacheco-Lopez.


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