Analysis of hypoxia in human glioblastoma tumors with dynamic 18F-FMISO PET imaging
Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2019-09-13; 42(4): 981-993
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Abdo RA(1), Lamare F(2)(3), Fernandez P(2)(3), Bentourkia M(4).
(1)Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001, 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke, QC, J1H 5N4, Canada.
(2)Service de Médecine Nucléaire, Avenue du Haut-Lévêque, 33604, Pessac Cedex, France.
(3)Université de Bordeaux-II, EPHE, 33076, Bordeaux, France.
(4)Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, Université de Sherbrooke, 3001, 12th Avenue North, Sherbrooke, QC, J1H 5N4, Canada. .
Gliomas are the most common type of primary brain tumors and are classified as grade IV. Necrosis and hypoxia are essential diagnostic features which result in poor prognosis of gliomas. The aim of this study was to report quantitative temporal analyses aiming at determining the hypoxic regions in glioblastoma multiforme and to suggest an optimal time for the clinical single scan of hypoxia. Nine subjects were imaged with PET and 18F-FMISO in dynamic mode for 15 min followed with static scans at 2, 3 and 4 h post-injection. Spectral analysis, tumor-to-blood ratio (TBR) and tumor-to-normal tissue ratio (TNR) were used to delimit perfused and hypoxic tumor regions. TBR and TNR images were further scaled by thresholding at 1.2, 1.4, 2 and 2.5 levels. The images showed a BR produced broader images of the tumor than TNR considering the same thresholds on intensity. Spectral analysis reliably determined hypoxia with different degrees of perfusion. By comparing TBR and TNR with spectral analysis images, weak to moderate correlation coefficients were found for most thresholding values and imaging times (range: 0 to 0.69). Hypoxic volume (HV) estimated from the net uptake rate (Ki) were changing among imaging times. The minimum HV changes were found between 3 h and 4 h, confirming that after 3 h, there was a very low exchange of 81F-FMISO between blood and tumor. On the other hand, hypoxia started to dominate the perfused tissue at 90 min, suggesting this time is suitable for a single scan acquisition irrespective of tumor status being highly hypoxic or perfused. At this time, TBR and TNR were respectively found in the nine subjects as 1.72 ± 0.22 and 1.74 ± 0.19.