Alteration of size perception: serotonin has opposite effects on the aggressiveness of crayfish confronting either a smaller or a larger rival.
J Exp Biol. 2018-04-26; 221(12): jeb177840
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We injected serotonin (5-HT) into adult male crayfish before pairing them with size-matched non-injected competitors, and observed dyadic agonistic interactions. Paradoxically, 5-HT elicited opposite behavioral responses if the injected animal was opposed by a smaller or larger rival: the level of aggressiveness of the injected crayfish was higher when facing a larger rival but
lower when facing a smaller rival. Our results indicate that the effects of 5-HT on aggressiveness are dependent on the perception of the relative size difference of the opponent. In both cases, however, 5-HT significantly delayed the decision to retreat. We conclude that 5-HT does not primarily act on aggressiveness but rather on the brain centers that integrate risk assessment and/or decision making, which then modulate the aggressive response. Our findings support a reinterpretation of the role of 5-HT in crustacean agonistic behavior that may be of interest for studies of other animals.
© 2018. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.