Alpha-Lipoic Acid Reduces Ethanol Self-Administration in Rats

Alessandra T. Peana, Giulia Muggironi, Giulia Fois, Marco Diana
Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2013-06-26; 37(11): 1816-1822
DOI: 10.1111/acer.12169

Lire sur PubMed

Peana AT(1), Muggironi G, Fois G, Diana M.

Author information:
(1)Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience (ATP, GM, GF, MD), Department of
Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.

BACKGROUND: The main system of central ethanol (EtOH) oxidation is mediated by
the enzyme catalase. By reacting with H2 O2 , brain catalase forms compound I
(the catalase-H2 O2 system), which is able to oxidize EtOH to acetaldehyde (ACD)
in the brain. We have previously shown that ACD regulates EtOH motivational
properties and possesses reinforcing effects by itself. In this study, we
investigate the effects of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a scavenging agent for H2 O2
, on oral EtOH self-administration.
METHODS: To this end, we trained Wistar rats to orally self-administer EtOH (10%)
by nose poking. The effect of intraperitoneal pretreatment with ALA was evaluated
during (i) maintenance of EtOH self-administration, (ii) EtOH self-administration
under a progressive ratio (PR) schedule of reinforcement, and (iii) oral EtOH
priming to induce reinstatement of EtOH seeking behavior. Moreover, we tested the
effect of ALA on saccharin (0.05%) reinforcement, as assessed by oral
RESULTS: The results indicate that ALA dose-dependently reduced the maintenance,
the break point of EtOH self-administration under a PR and the reinstatement of
EtOH seeking behavior without suppressing saccharin self-administration.
CONCLUSIONS: These results support that ALA may have a potential use in
alcoholism treatment.

Copyright © 2013 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.


Auteurs Bordeaux Neurocampus