Interplay between NMDA receptor dynamics and the synaptic proteasome

Joana S. Ferreira, Blanka Kellermayer, Ana Luísa Carvalho, Laurent Groc
Eur J Neurosci. 2021-08-17; :
DOI: 10.1111/ejn.15427

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Ferreira JS(1), Kellermayer B(1)(2), Carvalho AL(2), Groc L(1).

Author information:
(1)IINS – Interdisciplinary Institute for Neuroscience, CNRS 5297, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.
(2)CNC – Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology of Coimbra, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Proteasome activity at the excitatory synapse plays an important role in neuronal communication. The proteasome translocation to synapses is mediated by neuronal
activity, in particular the activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). These receptors are composed of different subunits with distinct trafficking properties that provide various signaling and plasticity features to the synapse. Yet, whether the interplay between the proteasome and NMDAR relies on specific subunit properties remain unclear. Using a combination of single molecule and immunocytochemistry imaging approaches in rat hippocampal neurons, we unveil a specific interplay between GluN2B-containing NMDARs (GluN2B-NMDARs) and the synaptic proteasome. Sustained proteasome activation specifically
increases GluN2B-NMDAR (not GluN2A-NMDAR) lateral diffusion. In addition, when GluN2B-NMDAR expression is downregulated the proteasome localization decreases at glutamatergic synapses. Collectively, our data fuel a model in which the cellular dynamics and location of GluN2B-NMDARs and proteasome are intermingled, shedding new lights on the NMDAR-dependent regulation of synaptic adaptation.

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